Publications

Books edited

Weighing Animal Welfare: Comparing Well-being Across Species. Oxford University Press, 2024.

A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox, w/ Anthony Weston. Fifth Edition. Oxford University Press, 2023.

College Ethics: A Reader on Moral Issues That Affect You. Oxford University Press, 2017. Second Edition: 2020.

Ethics, Left and Right: The Moral Issues That Divide Us. Oxford University Press, 2020.

The Routledge Handbook of Animal Ethics. Routledge, 2020.

Modal Epistemology After Rationalism, w/ Felipe Leon. Springer, 2017.

The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat, w/ Ben Bramble. Oxford University Press, 2015. NDPR Review.

books authored

What We Owe Other Animals, w/ Anja Jauernig. Routledge, 2024.

Wildlife Ethics: Animal Ethics in Wildlife Management and Conservation, w/ Christian Gamborg, Jordan Owen Hampton, Clare Palmer, and Peter Sandoe. Blackwell, 2023.

Animal Ethics — A Contemporary Introduction. Routledge, 2021.

The Ethics of Eating Animals: Usually Bad, Sometimes Wrong, Often Permissible. Routledge, 2020.

Modal Justification via Theories. Springer, 2017. NDPR Review.

Articles & chapters

· Forthcoming ·

"The Ethical Implications of Panpsychism," w/ Joe Gottlieb. Australasian Journal of Philosophy.

"Grinding as a Slaughter Method for Farmed Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae: Empirically-supported Recommendations to Achieve Instantaneous Killing," w/ M Barrett, C Miranda C, IT Veloso, C Flint, CD Perl, A Martinez, and JK Tomberlin, Journal of Insects as Food and Feed.

"Self-Affirmation in Sled Dogs? Affordances, Perceptual Agency, and Extreme Sport," w/ Eric Gilbertson, Sport, Ethics and Philosophy.


· 2024 ·

"How to Express Improvements in Animal Welfare in DALYs-averted," Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy.

"Intersubstrate Welfare Comparisons: Important, Difficult, and Potentially Tractable," w/ Jeff Sebo, Utilitas.

"U.S. Consumer Perceptions of Insects as Livestock Feed: Ethical Considerations for Insects," w/ EP Fukuda, MN Carrasco, A Perez, and ML Drewery, Journal of Insects as Food and Feed.


· 2023 ·

"Animal Welfare: Methods to Improve Policy and Practice," w/ Mark Budolfson and Noah Scovronick, Science.

A (Begrudging and Partial) Defense of the Fishing Industry” in New Omnivorism and Strict Veganism: Critical Perspectives, edited by Cheryl Abbate and Christopher Bobier. New York: Routledge.

"Between Wonder and Warfare: The Case of the Spotted Lanternfly," w/ Meghan Barrett, American Entomologist.

Challenges in Farmed Insect Welfare: Beyond the Question of Sentience,” w/ Meghan Barrett, Animal Welfare.

Don’t Lose the Louse: Articulating Our Values in Conservation,” w/ Meghan Barrett, American Entomologist.

"Hybrid Theories, Psychological Plausibility, and the Human/Animal Divide," w/ Clare Palmer and TJ Kasperbauer, Philosophical Studies.

Informing Policy and Practice on Insect Pollinator Declines: Tensions between Conservation and Animal Welfare,” w/ Meghan Barrett and Stephen Buchmann, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

Internally Triggered Experiences of Hedonic Valence in Non-human Animals: Cognitive and Welfare Considerations,” w/ Johannes Mahr, Perspectives on Psychological Science.

"Morality on Holiday: Inspiring Ethical Behavior in Animal-based Tourism through Nonmoral Values," w/ Carol Kline, Tourism Recreation Research.

Should We Add Them? Asking Better Questions about Authorship," w/ Meghan Barrett, American Entomologist.

Welfare Considerations for Farming Black Soldier Flies, Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae): A Model for the Insects as Food and Feed Industry,” w/ Meghan Barrett, Shaphan Yong Chia, Jeffrey K. Tomberlin, Journal of Insects as Food & Feed.


· 2022 ·

"Climate Change, Human-wildlife Conflict and Biodiversity Loss," in The Routledge Handbook of Animal Welfare, edited by Andrew Knight.

"Disgust and the Logic of Contamination: Biology, Culture, and the Evolution of Norm (Over)Compliance," w/ Isaac Wiegman, Mind & Language.

"It/He/They/She: On Pronoun Norms for All, Human and Nonhuman," w/ Alyse Spiehler, Ergo.

"Should Global Conservation Initiatives Prioritize Phylogenetic Diversity?" w/ Clare Palmer, Philosophia.

Should We Connect Children to Nature in the Anthropocene?" w/ Brendon Larson and Susan Clayton, People and Nature.

"Two Challenges to Johannsen on Habitat Destruction," Philosophia.


· 2021 ·

"Animal Agriculture, Wet Markets, and COVID-19: A Case Study in Indirect Activism," w/ Alyse Spiehler, Food Ethics.

"Animal Harms and Food Production: Informing Ethical Choices," w/ Jordan Owen Hampton, Timothy Hall Hyndman, and Benjamin L. Allen, Animals.

"The Freegan Challenge to Veganism," w/ Josh Milburn, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.

"Who Should Do What for the Wild Animals We Abandoned?" Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research.


· 2020 ·

"Boycotting and Public Mourning," Res Publica.

In Defense of Neural Disenhancement to Promote Animal Welfare,” in Neuroethics and Nonhuman Animals, edited by Andrew Fenton, L. Syd M. Johnson, and Adam Shriver.

"Keep Your Cats Indoors: a Reply to Abbate," Acta Analytica.

"Quantifying the Valuation of Animal Welfare Among Americans," w/ Scott T. Weathers, Lucius Caviola, Laura Scherer, Stephan Pfister, Jesse B. Bump, and Lindsay M. Jaacks; Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics


· 2019 ·

"Be a Professional: Attend to the Insects," w/ Emily Sandall; American Entomologist.

"Beyond the Neighborhood," w/ Jennifer Fischer; Mister Rogers and Philosophy, ed. Eric J. Mohr and Holly K. Mohr; Open Court, 2019.

"Collecting Insects to Conserve Them: A Call for Ethical Caution," w/ Brendon Larson; Insect Conservation and Diversity.

"Don’t Demean ‘Invasives’: Conservation and Wrongful Species Discrimination," w/ C. E. Abbate; Animals.

"How Lewis Can Meet the Integration Challenge," w/ Eric Gilbertson; Journal of Philosophical Research.

"How to Reply to Some Ethical Objections to Entomophagy," Annals of the Entomological Society of America.

"In Defense of Backyard Chickens," w/ Josh Milburn; Journal of Applied Philosophy.

Just Policy Paralysis?," w/ Clare Palmer; Animal Sentience.

"Moral Bioenhancement Probably Won't Improve Things for Animals (and May Make Them Worse)," Topoi.

"Nonideal Ethics and Arguments against Eating Animals," Environmental Values.

"The Problem with Person-rearing Accounts of Moral Status," w/ Travis Timmerman; Thought.


· 2018 ·

"Animals as Honorary Humans," Ethical Vegetarianism and Veganism, ed. Andrew Linzey and Clair Linzey; Routledge.

"Animal Rights and Incredulous Stares," Between the Species.

"Arguments for Consuming Animal Products," The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics, ed. Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett; Oxford University Press.

"C. I. Lewis and the Benacerraf Problem," Episteme.

"Categorical Desires and the Badness of Animal Death," w/ Matt Bower, The Journal of Value Inquiry.

"Dignitarian Hunting: A Rights-based Defense," w/ Dan Demetriou Social Theory and Practice.

"Disassociation Intuitions," w/ Isaac Wiegman; Southwest Philosophy Review.

"Field Deaths in Plant Agriculture," w/ Andy Lamey; Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.

"Individuals in the Wild," Animal Sentience.

"Is Abolitionism Guilty of Racism? A Reply to Cordeiro-Rodrigues," Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.

"Speech and War: Rethinking the Ethics of Speech Restrictions," w/ Burkay Ozturk; The Value and Limits of Academic Speech: Philosophical, Political, and Legal Perspectives, ed. Donald Alexander Downs and Chris W. Surprenant; Routledge.

"Teaching for Our Good," Philosophers in the Classroom: Essays on Teaching, ed. Steven Cahn, Alexandra Bradner, and Andrew Mills; Hackett.


· 2017 ·

"Facsimiles of Flesh," w/ Burkay Ozturk; Journal of Applied Philosophy.

"Focus on Fish: A Call to Effective Altruists," w/ Max Elder, Essays in Philosophy.

"Modal Empiricism: Objection, Reply, Proposal," Modal Epistemology After Rationalism, ed. Bob Fischer and Felipe Leon; Springer.

"The Moral Objection to Modal Realism," Erkenntnis.

"What Can You Build?" LEGO and Philosophy, ed. Roy T. Cook and Sondra Bacharach; Blackwell.

"Wild Fish and Expected Utility," Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics.


· 2016 ·

"A Theory-based Epistemology of Modality," The Canadian Journal of Philosophy.

"Bugging the Strict Vegan," Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics.

"Disgust as Heuristic," Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.

"Hale on the Architecture of Modal Knowledge," Analytic Philosophy.

"The Modal-Knowno Problem," w/ Felipe Leon; Southwest Philosophy Review

"What if Klein & Barron Are Right About Insect Sentience?" Animal Sentience.

"You Can't Buy Your Way Out of Veganism," Between the Species.


· 2015 ·

"Against Blaming the Blameworthy," in The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat, ed. Ben Bramble and Bob Fischer; Oxford University Press.

"Theory Selection in Modal Epistemology," American Philosophical Quarterly.


· 2014 ·

"Disgust and the Collection of Bovine Fetal Blood," in Animal Ethics and Philosophy: Questioning the Orthodoxy, ed. Elisa Aaltola and John Hadley; Rowman & Littlefield.

Salvaging Serviceability in Metaphysics,” w/ Eric Gilbertson; Southwest Philosophy Review.

"Why It Doesn't Matter Whether the Virtues Are Truth-Conducive," Synthese.


· 2012 ·

Modal Knowledge, in Theory,Southwest Philosophy Review.

"Why Incest Is Usually Wrong," Philosophy in the Contemporary World.

general audiences

"Personal Liberty vs. Public Good During a Pandemic," Scientific Inquirer, June 2020.

"Why Writing Better Will Make You a Better Person," The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 2019. 

"Insider Talk: Challenging Food Choices," Prindle Post, August 2018

"Modal Epistemology," 1000-Word Philosophy, December 2017

"The Matter of Meat," CBC Radio's Ideas, November 2016

"When Vegans Won't Compromise," w/ James McWilliams The New York Times, August 2015

"From Outrage to Integration," Prindle Post, July 2015

"Why Act When It Doesn't Make a Difference?," Prindle Post, May 2015